Indirect Sentence in Turkish (For Gereklilik Kipi / Necessity)

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Indirect Sentence in Turkish (For Necessity / Gereklilik Kipi İçin)

In this lesson, you can learn how to turn direct sentence into indirect sentence in Turkish. Attention! Indirect sentences change according to different tenses and structures. In this lesson, you will learn the structure of the gereklilik kipi dolaylı cümle. In other words necessity indirect sentence in Turkish. But first of all, what are direct and indirect sentences? Let’s remember this.

Dolaysız Cümle (Direct Sentence): It is the giving of a word as it is said, without any change. A person’s views and opinions on any subject are given without any changes. This sentence is usually written in quotation marks. We use the verb “dedi” instead of “said” at the end of a direct sentence.

⇒Selma, Ben daha önce İstanbul’a hiç gitmedim. dedi.

(Selma said, “I have never been to Istanbul before.”)

Dolaylı Cümle: (Indirect Sentence): This is a sentence with some changes, not the same sentence as said. It is the indirect transfer of a word by the speaker or the writer with a slight modification. We use the verb “söyledi” instead of “said” at the end of the indirect sentence.

⇒Selma, bana kendisinin daha önce İstanbul’a hiç gitmediğini söyledi.

(Selma said that she had never been to Istanbul before.)


How To Make Indirect Sentence in Turkish? (For Necessity / Gereklilik Kipi İçin)

As you know, we use suffixes such as “meli, malı, gerek, lazım” to express necessity in Turkish. If the sentence we quoted contains these neccesity statements, how can we use the quoted sentence indirectly? If the verb ends with “meli malı”, we add the appropriate possessive suffix to the end of the verb. Then we use the phrase “gerektiğini söyle…”!

In the table below, you can see how the possessive suffixes change according to the person. When you read the example sentences under the table, you will understand the structure of indirect sentence more clearly.

indirect sentence in turkish necessity gereklilik kipi
The verb of the quoted sentence in this table is “yap” (do/make)

If the quote sentence already ends with “gerek”, we just add the appropriate possessive suffix to the end of the “gerek” and we use söyle… (say)!

indirect sentence in turkish necessity gereklilik kipi
The verb or noun of the quoted sentence in this table is “gerek” (to need)

Direct Sentence: Doktor, hastalara “Her gün spor yapmalısınız.” dedi.

Indirect Sentence: Doktor, hastalara her gün spor yapmaları gerektiğini söyledi.


Direct Sentence: Eşim, “Benim biraz dinlenmem gerek.” dedi.

Indirect Sentence: Eşim, biraz dinlenmesi gerektiğini söyledi.


Direct Sentence: Patron, bana “Bugün kesinlikle bu işi halletmelisin.” dedi.

Indirect Sentence: Patron, bana bugün bu işi kesinlikle halletmem gerektiğini söyledi.


Click on the lessons you need to know below and learn how to make indirect sentences for other tenses!

Indirect Sentence (For Present Continious, Present Perfect, Past Tense)

Indirect Sentence (For Future Tense)

Indirect Sentence  (For Question Sentence / Soru Cümlesi için)

Indirect Sentence (Imperative Sentence / Emir Cümlesi)


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