difference between -Is and -mak suffixes

-ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş Suffix In Turkish / What Is the Difference Between -Iş and -mAk Suffixes

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In this lesson you’ll learn what do -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes mean, why is -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş used in Turkish and you will learn what -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes does. You learned “-mak -mek -ma -me” suffixes in previous lesson very well. You know anymore that “-mak -mek -ma -me” turn verbs into nouns. Hmmm… What about -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes? In this lesson you’ll also learn what is the difference between -Iş and -mAk suffixes!

Actually -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes have the same work! They turn verbs into nouns. When a verb take one of this suffixes the verb act like a noun. So, it won’t take verb’s suffixes (For example; tense suffixes, person suffixes etc), it will take noun’s suffixes (For example; case suffixes, plural suffix etc.). Let’s examples and make it easier to understand!

what -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes does

What Is the Difference Between -Iş and -mAk Suffixes?

Both of work for same thing. They turn verbs into nouns. But how to desicion which one to use? We told you that “-mak -mek -ma -me” suffixes can used for every verbs. -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes are a little more special according to “-mak -mek -ma -me”. The words with the suffix -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş mostly indicate that the verb is done with a unique style and manner. It is understood that it is a verb that is more specific to the subject in the sentence.

For example, let’s look at the 2nd sentences with the -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes above. The “bakış” (look) and “gülüş” (smiling)… It seems that the “look” and the “smile” have a special style that belongs to someone. He or she doesn’t particularly like the way that person looks. In the “smile” example, that person has a unique smile and has fallen in love with it. You learned that the word it comes from adds the meaning of “to do something in a special way (with a style)” at the end. Let’s see what is the difference between -Iş and -mAk suffixes AND reinforce it with a few example sentences.

What Is the Difference Between -Iş and -mAk Suffixes

You should keep in mind that suffixes are not just about describing the way someone does something. This was just a tip to know what -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes mean AND what is the difference between -Iş and -mAk suffixes. Apart from this rule, there may be places where the suffixes ma-mak and -iş can be used interchangeably. In order to choose the right one, you have to practice a lot again.


  • This suffix can appear in 4 different forms according to Turkish vowel harmony. (-ış, -iş, -uş, -üş). That’s why we have to check 4 way vowel harmony. If the last vowel of word before suffix is “a  or  ı” in this case first vowel of suffix must contain “ı” (-ış). If the last vowel of word before suffix is “e or i” first vowel of suffix must contain “i” (-iş). If the last vowel of word before suffix is “ö  or  ü” first vowel of suffix must contain “ü” (-üş). If the last vowel of word before suffix is “o  or  u” first vowel of suffix must contain “u” (-uş).
  • Don’t forget if the last vowel of the word is a vowel, put a buffer letter (+y+) between word and suffix. Cause suffix starts with a vowel. In turkish two vowels can not stay side by side:)
  • There are some words that take this suffix and become a new word. They are words that have been used as a synonym for a certain substance for a very long time and have become the name of that substance over time. These have now become the name of a thing. So, these changing words have a new meaning. All you have to do is look up the dictionary to find out. Here are some common words for you:

-ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş Suffix In Turkish

  • Gir (login, entry)
  • Çıkış (log out, exit)
  • Gid (departure, going)
  • Gel (arrival, coming)
  • Varış (arrival)
  • (flight)
  • Kalkış (departure)
  • İn (landing)
  • Kaçış (escape)
  • Yürüyüş (walk-noun)
  • Güneşin doğu (sunrise)
  • Test sürüşü (test drive)

Sample Sentences

  • Adamın sana bakışını hiç beğenmedim. (I don’t like the way the man looks at you.)
  • Senin en çok gülüşün hoşuma gidiyor. (I like your smile the most.)
  • Voleybolcu kızın topa vuru ne kadar güçlü. (How strong is hit the ball of the volleyball girl.)
  •  Çevrim içi (online) bilet satışı yoktur. (There is no online ticket sales.)
  • Otobüs biletimizi gid dönüş alalım. (Let’s buy our bus ticket round trip.)
  • Bu öğretmenin dersi anlatış biçimini beğeniyorum. (I like the way this teacher teaches the lesson.)
  • Mağazanın çıkış kapısında bekleyeceğim. (I’ll wait at the exit door of the store.)
  • Bu binanın yangın çıkışı yok. (This building has no fire exit.)
  • Karar verdikten sonra geriye dönüş yok. (Once you have made a decision, there is no turning back.)
  • Tatilde güneşin doğunu seyrettim. (I watched the sunrise on vacation.)
  • O adamın yürüyüşünden korkuyorum. (I’m afraid of that man’s walk.)
  • Yarın alışvere gidelim mi? (Shall we go shopping tomorrow?)


In this lesson you’ve  learned what do “-ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes mean” and “what -ış/ -iş/ -uş/ -üş suffixes does” and “what is the difference between -Iş and -mAk suffixes”. If you have any question about any subject on Turkish language just let me know in the comment below. Btw we also share all Turkish grammar lessons, some daily usefull tips, Turkish idioms and more about Turkish language and Turkish culture on YouTube channel! You can watch all lessons for free now! Just click here and subscribe to don’t lose our videos.  See you in another lesson!

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